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Journal Articles Advances in Space Research Year : 1999

Network science landers for Mars

Jean-Loup Bertaux
S. Calcutt
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Jean-Pierre Pommereau
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1121488
S. Di Pippo
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D. Guerrier
  • Function : Author
W. Schumacher
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J. Simola
  • Function : Author


The NetLander Mission will deploy four landers to the Martian surface. Each lander includes a network science payload with instrumentation for studying the interior of Mars, the atmosphere and the subsurface, as well as the ionospheric structure and geodesy. The NetLander Mission is the first planetary mission focusing on investigations of the interior of the planet and the large-scale circulation of the atmosphere. A broad consortium of national space agencies and research laboratories will implement the mission. It is managed by CNES (the French Space Agency), with other major players being FMI (the Finnish Meteorological Institute), DLR (the German Space Agency), and other research institutes. According to current plans, the NetLander Mission will be launched in 2005 by means of an Ariane V launch, together with the Mars Sample Return mission. The landers will be separated from the spacecraft and targeted to their locations on the Martian surface several days prior to the spacecraft's arrival at Mars. The landing system employs parachutes and airbags. During the baseline mission of one Martian year, the network payloads will conduct simultaneous seismological, atmospheric, magnetic, ionospheric, geodetic measurements and ground penetrating radar mapping supported by panoramic images. The payloads also include entry phase measurements of the atmospheric vertical structure. The scientific data could be combined with simultaneous observations of the atmosphere and surface of Mars by the Mars Express Orbiter that is expected to be functional during the NetLander Mission's operational phase. Communication between the landers and the Earth would take place via a data relay onboard the Mars Express Orbiter.



Dates and versions

hal-03946745 , version 1 (19-01-2023)



A.-M. Harri, O. Marsal, Philippe Lognonné, G.W. Leppelmeier, T. Spohn, et al.. Network science landers for Mars. Advances in Space Research, 1999, 23 (11), pp.1915-1924. ⟨10.1016/S0273-1177(99)00279-3⟩. ⟨hal-03946745⟩
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