The Memory Binding Test Detects Early Subtle Episodic Memory Decline in Preclinical Alzheimer’s Disease: A Longitudinal Study - Laboratoire Mémoire Cerveau et Cognition Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Alzheimer's Disease Year : 2024

The Memory Binding Test Detects Early Subtle Episodic Memory Decline in Preclinical Alzheimer’s Disease: A Longitudinal Study

Abstract

Background: The asymptomatic at-risk phase might be the optimal time-window to establish clinically meaningful endpoints in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Objective: We investigated whether, compared with the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT), the Memory Binding Test (MBT) can anticipate the diagnosis of emergent subtle episodic memory (EM) deficits to an at-risk phase. Methods: Five-year longitudinal FCSRT and MBT scores from 45 individuals matched for age, education, and gender, were divided into 3 groups of 15 subjects: Aβ-/controls, Aβ+/stable, and Aβ+/progressors (preclinical-AD). The MBT adds an associative memory component (binding), particularly sensitive to subtle EM decline. Results: In the MBT, EM decline started in the Aβ+/progressors (preclinical-AD) up to 4 years prior to diagnosis in delayed free recall (FR), followed by decline in binding-associated scores 1 year later. Conversely, in the FCSRT, EM-decline began later, up to 3 years prior to diagnosis, in the same group on both immediate and delayed versions of FR, while on total recall (TR) and intrusions decline started only 1 year prior to diagnosis. Conclusions: The MBT seems more sensitive than the FCSRT for early EM-decline detection, regarding the year of diagnosis and the number of scores showing AD-linked EM deficits (associated with the AD-characteristic amnesic hippocampal syndrome). Considering the MBT as a detection tool of early subtle EM-decline in an asymptomatic at-risk phase, and the FCSRT as a classification tool of stages of EM-decline from a preclinical phase, these tests ought to potentially become complementary diagnostic tools that can foster therapies to delay cognitive decline.
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Dates and versions

hal-04519805 , version 1 (25-03-2024)

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Filipa Rapos Pereira, Nathalie George, Gianfranco Dalla Barba, Bruno Dubois, Valentina La Corte. The Memory Binding Test Detects Early Subtle Episodic Memory Decline in Preclinical Alzheimer’s Disease: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 2024, 98 (2), pp.465-479. ⟨10.3233/JAD-230921⟩. ⟨hal-04519805⟩
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