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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2021

Trust predicts COVID-19 prescribed and discretionary behavioral intentions in 23 countries

Stefano Pagliaro
  • Function : Author
Simona Sacchi
  • Function : Author
Marco Brambilla
Francesca Lionetti
  • Function : Author
Karim Bettache
  • Function : Author
Mauro Bianchi
  • Function : Author
Marco Biella
  • Function : Author
Mihaela Boza
  • Function : Author
Fabrizio Butera
Suzan Ceylan-Batur
  • Function : Author
Kristy Chong
  • Function : Author
Tatiana Chopova
  • Function : Author
Charlie Crimston
  • Function : Author
Belén Álvarez
  • Function : Author
Isabel Cuadrado
  • Function : Author
Naomi Ellemers
  • Function : Author
Magdalena Formanowicz
  • Function : Author
Verena Graupmann
  • Function : Author
Theofilos Gkinopoulos
  • Function : Author
Evelyn Hye Kyung Jeong
  • Function : Author
Inga Jasinskaja-Lahti
  • Function : Author
Jolanda Jetten
  • Function : Author
Kabir Muhib Bin
  • Function : Author
Yanhui Mao
  • Function : Author
Christine Mccoy
  • Function : Author
Farah Mehnaz
  • Function : Author
Anca Minescu
  • Function : Author
David Sirlopú
  • Function : Author
Andrej Simić
  • Function : Author
Giovanni Travaglino
Ayse Uskul
  • Function : Author
Cinzia Zanetti
  • Function : Author
Anna Zinn
  • Function : Author
Elena Zubieta
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The worldwide spread of a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) since December 2019 has posed a severe threat to individuals’ well-being. While the world at large is waiting that the released vaccines immunize most citizens, public health experts suggest that, in the meantime, it is only through behavior change that the spread of COVID-19 can be controlled. Importantly, the required behaviors are aimed not only at safeguarding one’s own health. Instead, individuals are asked to adapt their behaviors to protect the community at large. This raises the question of which social concerns and moral principles make people willing to do so. We considered in 23 countries ( N = 6948) individuals’ willingness to engage in prescribed and discretionary behaviors, as well as country-level and individual-level factors that might drive such behavioral intentions. Results from multilevel multiple regressions, with country as the nesting variable, showed that publicized number of infections were not significantly related to individual intentions to comply with the prescribed measures and intentions to engage in discretionary prosocial behaviors. Instead, psychological differences in terms of trust in government, citizens, and in particular toward science predicted individuals’ behavioral intentions across countries. The more people endorsed moral principles of fairness and care (vs. loyalty and authority), the more they were inclined to report trust in science, which, in turn, statistically predicted prescribed and discretionary behavioral intentions. Results have implications for the type of intervention and public communication strategies that should be most effective to induce the behavioral changes that are needed to control the COVID-19 outbreak.

Dates and versions

hal-03299423 , version 1 (26-07-2021)

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Stefano Pagliaro, Simona Sacchi, Maria Giuseppina Pacilli, Marco Brambilla, Francesca Lionetti, et al.. Trust predicts COVID-19 prescribed and discretionary behavioral intentions in 23 countries. PLoS ONE, 2021, 16 (3), pp.e0248334. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0248334⟩. ⟨hal-03299423⟩
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